This article needs additional citations for verification. Jesuit priest, physicist and astronomer in Ingolstadt. Scheiner was born in Markt Wald near Mindelheim in Swabia, earlier markgravate Burgau, possession of the House mentor de la divisa Habsburg. From the autumn of 1605 until 1609, Scheiner studied theology in Ingolstadt.
Due to his invention of the pantograph, he had already gained celebrity status. Duke William V of Bavaria even invited him to Munich to demonstrate the instrument. On 14 March 1609, he entered Holy Orders as a Deacon. He was ordained by suffragan bishop Marcus Lyresius. On 18 April 1609, he received his major orders from suffragan bishop Lyresius in Eichstätt, from where he went to Ebersberg to serve his tertianship with Father Johannes Pelecius S. 1612 he published the “Apelles letters” in Augsburg. Mark Welser had the first three Apelles letters printed in Augsburg on 5 January 1612.
After November 1614, Archduke Maximilian III summoned Scheiner to Innsbruck several times to discuss astronomical and mathematical questions. The Archduke had received an astronomical telescope with two convex lenses which showed objects upside down and the wrong way round. After the death of Maximilian III in 1618, Archduke Leopold V was appointed imperial representative of Tyrol and of the Upper Provinces. Like his predecessor Maximilian, Leopold V put his trust in Father Scheiner.