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This section has an unclear citation style. The references used may be made clearer with a different or consistent style of citation and footnoting. The influence of Countess Elizabeth Báthory in popular culture has been notable from the 18th century to the present day. Since her death, various myths and legends surrounding her story have preserved her as a prominent figure in folklore, literature, music, film, games and toys. The case of Countess Elizabeth Báthory inspired numerous stories and fairy tales. 18th and 19th century writers liberally added or omitted elements of the narrative. The most common motif of these works was that of the countess bathing in her victims’ blood in order to retain beauty or youth.
This legend appeared in print for the first time in 1729, in the Jesuit scholar László Turóczi’s Tragica Historia, the first written account of the Báthory case. When quoting him in his 1742 history book, Matthias Bel was sceptical about this particular detail, he nevertheless helped the legend to spread. Subsequent writers of history and fiction alike often identified vanity as the sole motivation for Báthory’s crimes. Modern historians Radu Florescu and Raymond T. Women were not believed to be capable of violence for its own sake. The legend nonetheless persisted in the popular imagination. Some versions of the story were told with the purpose of denouncing female vanity, while other versions aimed to entertain or thrill their audience.
Bathory also appears as the main antagonist in the novel Dracula the Un-dead, a sequel to Bram Stoker’s classic novel by his great grand-nephew Dacre Stoker and Ian Holt. The historical novel The Countess by Rebecca Johns tells a first-person fictionalized account of Báthory’s life from her prison cell at Csejthe Castle. In the book, she tells her son, Pál, the story of her life, explaining her behavior toward her servants as punishment for their disloyalty. The emergence of the bloodbath or blood seeker for vanity myth coincided with the vampire scares that haunted Europe in the early 18th century, reaching even into educated and scientific circles, but the strong connection between the bloodbath or blood seeker myth and the vampiric myth was not made until the 1970s. This theory is strongly disputed by author Elizabeth Miller. Meanwhile, Báthory has become an influence for modern vampire literature and vampire films. The story, while retaining the essential facts, receives an imaginative interpretation in the horror novelist Syra Bond’s Cold Blood.
She is a character in the 2018 novel On Devil’s Wings by M. She is the main protagonist of the 2010 novel The Countess by Rebecca Johns. Ewige Jugend by Leopold von Sacher-Masoch. Raymond Rudorff is a vampire novel that features Báthory.
John Blackburn is a supernatural horror novel whose plot revolves around a play about Báthory being staged in modern Britain. 1925 by Sándor Makkai, a bishop of the Hungarian Reformed Church in Transylvania. The short story “A Stab at Forever”, by American writer Michelle Augello-Page, fictionalizes Erzsébet Báthory’s earliest known experiences of violence towards young girls as something horrifically and humanly female, based in jealousy, a fear of growing old, a sadistic expression of sexual power, and an obsession with youth. Bathory: Memoir of a Countess is a novel by A.
This Rough Magic and Much Fall of Blood by Eric Flint, Dave Freer and Mercedes Lackey. She is portrayed as a sorceress and Satanist as opposed to a vampire. Life series of novels by Wm. Báthory is a major character, depicted as a half-breed vampire, in Daughter of the Night by Elaine Bergstrom.