Look up binary in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. Binary prefix, a prefix attached before a unit symbol to multiply it by a power of 2, e. This disambiguation page binary option wikipedia articles associated with the title Binary. If an internal link led you here, you may wish to change the link to point directly to the intended article.
This article needs additional citations for verification. A multiple system is like a binary system but consists of three or more objects such as for trinary stars and trinary asteroids. In a binary system, the brighter object is referred to as primary, and the other the secondary. They are also classified based on orbit. Wide binaries are objects with orbits that keep them apart from one another. They evolve separately and have very little effect on each other. Close binaries are close to each other and are able to transfer mass from one another.
They can also be classified based on how we observe them. Visual binaries are two stars separated enough that they can be viewed through a telescope or binoculars. Eclipsing binaries are where the objects’ orbits are at an angle that when one passes in front of the other it causes an eclipse, as seen from Earth. Astrometric binaries are objects that seem to move around nothing as their companion object cannot be identified, it can only be inferred. The companion object may not be bright enough or may be hidden in the glare from the primary object.
A related classification though not a binary system is optical binary, which refers to objects that are so close together in the sky that they appear to be a binary system, but are not. Such objects merely appear to be close together, but lie at different distances from the Solar System. Pluto and its moon Charon are often described as a binary system. When binary minor planets are similar in size, they may be called “binary companions” instead of referring to the smaller body as a satellite.
In the Discovery program Alien Planet, the planet Darwin IV orbits a binary system. In the Invader Zim episode “Planet Jackers”, one of the aforementioned Jackers mentions a binary system. Binary sun systems are featured in the Mass Effect 2 game, these systems are in the Milky Way as explorable areas. A binary sun system is featured in the short story by Dan Simmons, “Orphans of the Helix.