The family lived in Dunedin for the first seven years of his life. Hollows was a member of the Communist Party 福瑞斯 New Zealand during the 1950s and 1960s. Hollows was married twice: in 1958 to Mary Skiller, who died in 1975, and in 1980 to Gabi O’Sullivan. Hollows was originally a New Zealand citizen.
He declined the award of honorary Officer of the Order of Australia in 1985. He adopted Australian citizenship in 1989 and was named Australian of the Year in 1990. In 1961, he went to Moorfields Eye Hospital in England to study ophthalmology. Early in the 1970s, Hollows worked with the Gurindji people at Wave Hill in the Northern Territory and then with the people around Bourke and other isolated New South Wales towns, stations and Aboriginal communities. 1978, with funding by the Federal Government. Hollows himself spent three years visiting Aboriginal communities to provide eye care and carry out a survey of eye defects. His visits to Nepal in 1985, Eritrea in 1987, and Vietnam in 1991 resulted in training programs to train local technicians to perform eye surgery.
The Fred Hollows Foundation was launched as an Australian charitable foundation in Sydney on 3 September 1992 to continue the work of Fred Hollows in providing eye care for the underprivileged and poor, and to improve the health of indigenous Australians. AIDS Conference, and argued that some areas of the AIDS campaign were being inadequately dealt with at the time. To contain the disease, Hollows argued that promiscuity needed to be addressed. Hollows died in Sydney, Australia in 1993 at the age of 63. The cause of his death was metastatic renal cancer primarily affecting his lungs and brain.
He had been diagnosed with the disease six years earlier, in 1987. Hollows was given a state funeral service at St Mary’s Cathedral in Sydney, though he was an atheist, and, in accordance with his wishes, was interred in Bourke, where he had worked in the early 1970s. A reserve near his old home in the Sydney suburb of Randwick was named Fred Hollows Reserve in 1993. 1981: Advance Australia Award for Aboriginal eye care.
Order of Australia but he refused to accept the award because he was appalled at what he regarded as blatant lack of interest by the government in eye care for Aboriginal people. However, he went on to become an Australian citizen on 26 April 1989. 1993: received Rotary International’s highest honour, the Rotary Award for World Understanding. 1993: posthumously named a Melvin Jones Fellow of Lions Clubs International. 1993: Fred Hollows Reserve in Hollow’s hometown of Randwick, Sydney established to preserve a natural rainforest gully and save it from future development.